Other Languages

Sources and bibliography

History of the border region St. Germanshof

New capital for Europe

  • Coulu, René A.: Proposal for a Youth Centre in Wissembourg / Wissembourg as a part of the proposal for a symbolic capital of Europe elaborated by Geroges-Henri Pescadère und Karl-Oswald-Schreiner
  • Hein, Carola (1995): Abschnitt Wissembourg aus: "Hauptstadt Europa. Disstertation, Hochschule für bildende Künste, Hamburg".
  • Hein, Dr. Carola (2000): Choosing a site for the capital of Europe. In: GeoJournal, Volume 51, n° 1-2. Netherlands.
  • Pescadère, Georges-Henri; Schreiner, Karl Oswald (1952): Die weisse Burg, Wissembourg en Alsace, Weißenburg im Elsaß. Paris und Bad Godesberg, 7/1952. Archiv Weigel.
  • Weigel, Bernard (1986): "Wissembourg: Le Projet du Bourg Blanc 1952 - 1954" I-III. In: L'Outre-fôret, n° 56, 57, 58.
  • Wünschel, Hans Jürgen (1992): "Karl Oswald Schreiner - ein vergessener Europäer". In: SÜW Heimat-Jahrbuch 1992. Landkreis Südliche Weinstraße


Student demonstration in 1950

  • Bieger, Eckhard (2018): Europa - Demonstration 1950. Online unter: Hinsehen.net. Das Online-Feuilleton.
  • Breiner, Herbert L. (2013): "Erste Europäische Vereinigung. Wissembourg - St. Germanshof". Aktionsgemeinschaft Bobenthal - St. Germanshof e.V.
  • Clemens, Gabriele, Prof. Dr.; Universität Hamburg Fakultät für Geisteswissenschaften Geschichte Arbeitsbereich Europäische Geschichte, Buchveröffentlichung: Gabriele Clemens (Hg): "Werben für Europa: Europäische Identität - Europäische Öffentlichkeitsarbeit - Europafilme - Forschungsstand."
  • Großer, Thilo (2007): International befreite Zone Germanshof. In: Brand eins. Neuland – Die Südpfalz. Heft 01, Okt. 2007, S. 102 - 107
  • Heister, Matthias W.M. (2015): "Der Studentensturm auf die Grenzen 1950. Für ein förderales Europa", Bonn. ISBN: 978-3-981083774
  • Heister, Matthias W.M. (2019): Europäischer Begegnungsraum St. Germanshof / Wissembourg. Alleinstellungsmerkmal und Aufgabenfeld.
  • Initiative „Europa eine Seele geben“ (Hrsg.) (2010): Städte und Regionen. Ihr kultureller Auftrag für Europa und seine Umsetzung. Ein Leitfaden. Berlin


  • Jürgs, Alexander (2017): Der zweite Blick. In. Merian Heft Pfalz, Heft 04/2017. S. 130-131
  • Norwig, Christina (2016): Die erste europäische Generation. Europakonstruktionen in der Europäischen Jugendkampagne 1951-1958. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen.
  • Norwig, Christina: Die Grenzerstürmung von St. Germanshof (1950) als Gründungsmythos der „ersten europäischen Generation“ 
  • Rheza-Houshami, Ali (2018): Der Weg ist noch nicht zu Ende. In: DIE RHEINPFALZ, Nr. 208 vom 7.9.2018
  • Schmalenberg, Brigitte (2006): Spiegel der Südpfalz. "Thema am Samstag: Revolution für Europa in St. Germanshof". In: DIE RHEINPFALZ, Nr. 180/2006.
  • Siebold, Angela (2015): Das Schengener Abkommen. Vom Ende der Grenzkontrollen. Artikel in DAMALS, Heft 6/2015.
  • Sommer, Gerhard (1984): Als die Zollschranke fiel. Heimatkalender für das Pirmasenser und Zweibrücker Land. Gerhard Dokter Verlag, Rengsdorf / Westerwald.
  • Weigel, Bernard (2019): Le 6 août 1950 au Germanshof, la destruction de deux barrières douanières pour la construction de l’Europe. In : W magazine n° 19, printemps, S. 12-13


Further links and resources

European Youth Center Strasbourg und Budapest

The European Youth Centres (EYCs) in Strasbourg and Budapest are permanent institutions for the implementation of the Council of Europe's youth policy. They are international training and meeting centres with housing facilities and host most of the activities of the youth sector. The specialised staff includes a team of advisers who provide pedagogical and technical support in the preparation, implementation and follow-up of activities.

→ more about EYC Strasbourg

→ more about EYC Budapest

Young European Federalists (YEF)

The members of the YEF are committed to political education. To this end, they promote the spread of European awareness in society, but especially among young people. They are actively involved in the exchange of the European idea with campaigns, seminars and panel discussions.

→ more about YEF Saarland

Chawwerusch Theater

Chawwerusch is the professional theatre collective of the Southern Palatinate with its own venue. Inspired by unusual themes and locations, the Chawwerusch Theater produces large-scale projects of a high artistic standard across generations. Researched regional history and stories are always important components of their productions - for example the summer play → " One night in August - A French-German liaison", which addresses the student demonstration of the 6th of August 1950 at St. Germanshof. The ensemble shows the whole spectrum that theatre has to offer. The stage is tragic, comical and hearty.

More about the Chawwerusch theater and their program → www.chawwerusch.de

Museums and Organizations
Museums and Organizations

Museums and Organizations

The  Customs Museum in Habkirchen brings the history of the customs administration from the 18th century to the most recent past to life, including objects from the daily work of customs officers.

Europe's history is complex and offers numerous aspects for thinking about one's own home. DENKMAL EUROPA inspires with various monument stories. The "digital history book" of the Vereinigung der Landesdenkmalpfleger has been awarded the European Cultural Heritage Award → Europa Nostra Award 2019.

→ Citizens for Europe is a platform for organisations and initiatives from all over Europe. It consists of a community of committed European citizens from NGOs, foundations, media and public authorities who are willing to expand their networks and exchange resources.

The House of European History aims to become the leading museum about transnational phenomena which have shaped our continent. By interpreting history from a European perspective, it connects and compares shared experiences and their diverse interpretations.

The Historical Archives of the European Union (HAEU), located in Florence (Italy), is the official archives for the historical documents of the Institutions of the European Union. It also keeps a rich collection of the primary sources of federalist movements and personalities and makes them accessible to research and the general public. The HAEU is also a research center dedicated to the archival preservation and study of European integration and is part of the European University Institute (EUI).

The → European Culture and Education Foundation (EKB) has been organizing cooperation and funding projects as well as cultural events. Wherever possible, they build a bridge between culture and education in the sense of European identity.

The → European Academy of Otzenhausen has set itself the goal of promoting a vibrant European civil society in which mature citizens take responsibility for themselves and the community beyond national thinking and continue a Europe with its values.

The → Volksbund Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V. was created out of an initiative. The non-profit organization now looks after over 800 war grave sites, with which the volunteers also keep the memory of the war dead. The → Landesverband Saar uses the proximity to the neighboring country also for youth encounters and search for traces. 

The Europa-Union Deutschland (EUD) is actively involved in European unification and is a citizens' initiative for Europe. At state level, the → Europa-Union Saar advocates the special features of the border region.

NOTE: For picture credits see imprint


Aktionsgemeinschaft Bobenthal – St. Germanshof e.V.
Am Mühlbach 5
67697 Otterberg
E-Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Social Media